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Glossary of logistics terms


Third Party Logistic / Third Party Logistics

The organization’s use of an outside company to outsource distribution, warehousing or other logistics services.


Fourth Party Logistic / Logistics Process Integrators.

The organization outsources the organization and logistics management to an external company. 4PL suppliers often manage the entire supply chain on behalf of the contracting company.


Dangerous goods (ADR)

Goods that may endanger people or the environment. See also DGR.


Authorised Economic Operator status

The abbreviation “AEO” comes from the English name “Authorized Economic Operator,” which stands for Authorized Economic Operator status. AEO status is granted at the request of an entrepreneur submitted to the customs authority. The service is aimed at the entrepreneur who meets the conditions and criteria for:

  • compliance with legal regulations,
  • record keeping,
  • financial solvency and/or
  • professional competence and qualification,
  • Compliance with safety and security standards.


letter of credit / letter of credit (L/C)

An instrument that facilitates cashless settlement of international trade transactions. It is a written commitment by the importer’s bank to pay the designated beneficiary (i.e., the exporter) a specified amount of money on a fixed date, provided that the beneficiary provides the intermediary bank with documents that meet the requirements of the letter of credit. It safeguards both the interests of the importer and the exporter.


Actual arrival time

Actual arrival time of transport

ATA pass

ATA carnet

Transport Carnet ATA:under the Carnet ATA Convention: Carnet ATA (Admission Temporaire) International customs document used by all parties involved in the temporary movement of high-value goods abroad, Customs document used for export, transit and temporary clearance of goods for specific purposes, such as for shows, exhibitions and fairs, as professional equipment and as trade samples. For more information, see the Glossary.


Actual departure time

Actual departure time of transportation



ATP Accord Relatif aux Transports Internationaux de Denrées Périssable et aux Engins Spéciaux a Utiliser pour ces Transports – Agreement concerning the international carriage of perishable food products and the special equipment used for such transportation


Air waybill - air waybill

Air freight document


Advise note

delivery advice / advise note – a document sent to the customer, informing of an upcoming delivery


Bill of lading, Bill of Lading

Bill of lading, a maritime bill of lading. The document confirms the conclusion of the maritime transportation contract, and also serves as a document authorizing the relevant persons to receive and dispose of the rights to the goods.


Break bulk/general/conventional cargo

Conventional fineness. These are cargoes transported by liner vessels in the traditional way in boxes, cartons, bags, etc., or in bulk and without packaging (e.g., vehicles, construction materials, steel products). Ships carrying this type of cargo are called general cargo ships.


Bulk goods

Cargo that is transported in large quantities without packaging, such as oil, grain, coal or gravel.


goods delivered aboard ship (Cost and Freight)

The seller bears the cost of transporting the goods and clears customs. Once the goods are delivered to the ship, the delivery is considered completed. Although freight is at the seller’s expense, further risk and additional costs are borne by the buyer.


Cost, Insurance and Freight

Cost, Insurance and Freight (…designated port of destination). Under this formula, the seller is considered to have delivered the goods at the moment the goods pass the bulwark of the ship at the port of loading. From then on, the risk of damage or loss of the goods rests with the buyer.


CIM Convention Internationale concernant le transport des Merchandises par chemin de fer

CIM – international convention on the transport of goods by rail


Carriage and Insurance Paid To (....named place of destination)

Carriage and Insurance Paid To (…. marked destination)


CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)

CITES is the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, known as the Washington Convention. In Poland since 1990.
Unless otherwise provided by law, a specimen is:

  • plant or animal (of a protected species), living or dead, a derived product or any part thereof
  • other goods that may contain or include parts or derivatives of animals or plants belonging to these species. This is evidenced by the attached documents, label or packaging.

Specimens are considered to include:

  • live animals and plants
  • products made of horns, bones, teeth of animals (ivory)
  • stuffed animals and hunting trophies
  • Footwear and accessories made from the skins of snakes, crocodiles, varanus, etc.
  • Jewelry and similar accessories containing parts of protected plants and animals
  • medicines containing powdered animal or plant fragments (used in so-called Eastern medicine).